DENGUE : HOW TO PREVENT FROM IT?


WhoIsWhoNepal Team would like to share the information about this epidemic disease : DENGUE which is rapidly affecting the lives of Nepalese people.

Updated Dengue Status in Nepal : Total count 4000 nearly
WHAT IS DENGUE?
Dengue virus is transmitted by female mosquitoes :   Aedes aegypti

Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral disease that is transmitted by female mosquitoes mainly of the species Aedes aegypti.
Dengue infections are caused by four closely related viruses named DEN-1, DEN-2, DEN-3, and DEN-4. These four viruses are called serotypes because each has different interactions with the antibodies in human blood serum.

Around 2.5 billion people, or 40 percent of the world’s population, live in areas where there is a risk of dengue transmission. Dengue is endemic in at least 100 countries in Asia, the Pacific, the Americas, Africa, and the Caribbean.

HOW DO WE GET DENGUE?

There are four dengue viruses (DENV) that cause dengue fever. The viruses jumped from monkeys to humans between 100 and 800 years ago, according to the CDC, but dengue remained a minor problem until the middle of the twentieth century.
The virus is transmitted from an infected mosquito to a human. A mosquito bites a person who is infected with the dengue virus, and the virus is passed on when the mosquito bites someone else.
It it possible to have dengue fever more than once. A second infection carries a higher risk of developing a harsher form.

SYMPTOMS OF DENGUE

Symptoms usually begin 4 to 7 days after the mosquito bite and typically last 3 to 10 days. World Health Organization (WHO), suggested that Dengue should be suspected when a high fever (40°C/104°F) is accompanied by any 2 of the following symptoms :

  • Severe Headache and Fever
  • Pain behind the eyes
  • Muscle and Joint pains
  • Nausea and Vomiting
  • Swollen Glands
  • Rash
HOW TO CURE FROM DENGUE?

Dengue is a virus, so there is no specific treatment or vaccination. However, intervention can help, depending on how severe the disease is.
For milder forms, treatment includes:
Preventing dehydration: A high fever and vomiting can dehydrate the body. The person should drink clean water, ideally bottled rather than tap water. Rehydration salts can also help replace fluids and minerals.
Painkillers, such as Tylenol or paracetamol: These can help lower fever and ease pain.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as aspirin or ibuprofen, are not advised, as they can increase the risk of internal bleeding.

HOW TO PREVENT FROM DENGUE?

List of Foods to be taken by dengue patient

  • Well-cooked Khichdi (a combination of rice, pulses, and vegetables)
  • Boiled vegetables (like potato, pumpkin, carrot, beetroot, green peas, green papaya, green banana, etc.)
  • Cooked green leafy vegetables but not fried
  • Well-cooked dal
  • Non-spicy mixed vegetable curry
  • Softly cooked paneer with or without vegetable
  • Curd, yogurt, and buttermilk
  • Porridge
  • Oats
  • Roti or bread
  • Coconut Water
  • Fruit juices
  • Vegetable soups
  • Lemon water
  • Whole fruits like ripe papaya, banana, watermelon, pomegranate, grapes, etc.

List of Foods to be Avoided by dengue patient

  • All fried foods
  • Chips and fried papad
  • All outside foods
  • Packaged and processed foods
  • Salads
  • Cold drinks, packaged fruit juices, instant soup
  • Spicy foods
  • Pickles
  • Alcoholic Beverages
  • Too hot tea and coffee
DOMESTIC PREVENTION ( HOME )

गर्मी मौसममा लामखुट्टेले दिने पीडा निकै रिस उठ्ने खाल्को हुन्छ । अझ गर्मी क्षेत्रमा बस्नेहरु त लामखुट्टेले टोकेर लाग्ने बिभिन्न रोगको समेत सिकार बन्ने गरेको छ । यसबाट बच्न बिभिन्न उपाय अपनाएर हैरान हुनुहुन्छ भने यो तपाईका लागि सुखद खबर हुन् सक्छ ।
कपुर र पानी
कपुर र पानी प्रयोग गरेर लामखुट्टे भगाउन सक्नुहुन्छ जसका लागि दुई टुक्रा कपुर एक चौथाई कप पानीमा हाल्नु भयो भने जादूझै लामखुट्टे भगाउन सक्नुहुन्छ । र यदि उक्त पानीमा अर्को टुक्रा कपुर मिसाउनु भयो भने त झन चाँडो लामखट्टे भाग्दछन् ।
कागती र ल्वाङ

कागती र ल्वाङको गन्धलाई लामखुट्टेले मन पराउदैनन् । त्यसैले दुईवटा कागतीलाई बीचबाट काटेर प्रत्येक टुक्राको भित्र ५ देखि ६ वटा ल्वाङ राख्नुहोस् अनि एउटा प्लेटमा लगेर आफ्नो कोठामा राख्नुहोस् । बस यति गरे पछि लामखुट्टे कोठाबाट भाग्दछन् ।
लसुन
घरमा लसुन त हुने नै भो । बढी लसुन हालेको खाना प्रयोग गर्नुभयो भने लामखुट्टे लुसन खाएका मानिसबाट टाढा हुन्छ ।
आयुवेर्दिक स्प्रे
लामखुट्टे भगाउने क्रिमहरु प्रयोग गर्नुहुन्छ ? यसलाई छाडिदिनुहोस् । अब तपाईं आफैं घरेलु प्रविधिबाट लामखुट्टे भगाउने स्प्रे बनाउन सक्नुहुन्छ । यसका लागि तुलसी, पानी र भोड्का जस्ता घरमै उपलब्ध हुने सामग्रीहरु चाहिन्छन् । पहिला तुलसी र पानी उमाल्नुहोस् र तुलसीलाई राम्रोसँग निचोरेर आएको पानीलाई एउटा सफा बोतलमा राख्नुहोस् । बोत्तलमा जति पानी छ, त्यसको आधा भोड्का थप्नुहोस् । बिस्तारै हल्लाउनुहोस् । तपाईंको घरमै अब लामखुट्टे धपाउने स्प्रे तयार भयो ।

REFERENCES

[1] https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/dengue-and-severe-dengue
[2] https://www.iamat.org/country/nepal/risk/dengue
[3] https://wellnessmunch.com/dietary-guideline-for-dengue-fever-treatment/

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